Chemical risk in hospital settings: Overview on monitoring strategies and international regulatory aspects

  • Bruno Charlier
    Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.
  • Albino Coglianese
    Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.
  • Federica De Rosa
    University Hospital “San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi D’Aragona”, Salerno, Italy.
  • Francesco De Caro
    Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.
  • Ornella Piazza
    Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.
  • Oriana Motta
    Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi , Italy.
  • Anna Borrelli
    University Hospital “San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona”, Salerno, Italy.
  • Mario Capunzo
    Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.
  • Amelia Filippelli
    Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.
  • Viviana Izzo
    Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.


Chemical risk in hospital settings is a growing concern that health professionals and supervisory authorities must deal with daily. Exposure to chemical risk is quite different depending on the hospital department involved and might origin from multiple sources, such as the use of sterilizing agents, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, heavy metals, dangerous drugs, and anesthetic gases. Improving prevention procedures and constantly monitoring the presence and level of potentially toxic substances, both in workers (biological monitoring) and in working environments (environmental monitoring), might significantly reduce the risk of exposure and contaminations. The purpose of this article is to present an overview on this subject, which includes the current international regulations, the chemical pollutants to which medical and paramedical personnel are mainly exposed, and the strategies developed to improve safety conditions for all healthcare workers.


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Review Articles
Occupational medicine, risk assessment, environmental monitoring, biological monitoring, sampling methods
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Charlier, B., Coglianese, A., De Rosa, F., De Caro , F., Piazza, O., Motta, O., Borrelli, A., Capunzo, M., Filippelli, A., & Izzo, V. (2021). Chemical risk in hospital settings: Overview on monitoring strategies and international regulatory aspects. Journal of Public Health Research10(1).

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