Background: Overweight and obesity and its problems are the most important health and nutrition issues of adolescents in developed and developing countries. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among the studied population.
Design and methods: This Persian Cohort Study is a population-based study of 10,000 men and women, aged 35-70 years in northwest of Iran. Anthropometric parameters such as height, weight, waist circumference and hip circumference were measured by interviewers. Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were used to assess overweight and obesity.
Results: The mean age of all participants was 49.1±8.7 and 56.1% of them were female. The mean height of participants was 162.5±9.4 kg in range 126-196 and the mean weight of them was 78.5±13.1 cm in range 40-164. According to BMI, 42.7% of all participants had overweight and 45% had obesity. According to the WHR, 71.8% of males and 97.9% of females had high WHR (abdominal obesity).
Conclusions: Results showed that the rate of overweight and obesity in studied people was more than country rate. So programing for raising their Quality of Life (QoL) and lifestyle and also changing their poor nutritional habits is essential in area healthy people.
Jafari-Adli S, Jouyandeh Z, Qorbani M, et al. Prevalence of obesity and overweight in adults and children in Iran; a systematic review. J Diabetes Metab Disord 2014;13:121. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40200-014-0121-2
Hruby AB, Hu F. The epidemiology of obesity: A big picture. Pharmacoeconomics 2015;33:673-89. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40273-014-0243-x
Amani F, Fathi A, Farzaneh E, et al. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among students of Ardabil University, Iran. Int J Community Med Public Health 2016;3:1636-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20161642
Ayatollahi SM, Ghoreshizadeh Z. Prevalence of obesity and overweight among adults in Iran. Obes Rev 2010;11:335-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00725.x
World Health Organization. Obesity and overweight. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight
Misra A, Khurana L. Obesity and the metabolic syndrome in developing countries. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008;93:S9–30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2008-1595
Bixby H, Bentham J, Zhou B, et al. Rising rural body-mass index in the main driver of the global obesity epidemic in adults. Nature 2019;569:260-79. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1171-x
Kelly T, Yang W, Chen CS, et al. Global burden of obesity in 2005 and projections to 2030. Int J Obes (Lond) 2008;32:1431–7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2008.102
Tabrizi JS, Sadeghi-bazargani H, Farahbakhsh M, et al. Prevalence and associated factors of overweight or obesity and abdominal obesity in Iranian population: A population-based study of northwestern Iran. Iran J Public Health 47:1583-92.
Mehrabani J, Ganjifar ZK. Overweight and obesity: a brief challenge on prevalence, complication and physical activity among men and women. MOJ Women Health 2018;7:19-24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15406/mojwh.2018.07.00161
Barzin M, Valizadeh M, Serahati S, et al. Overweight and obesity: Findings from 20 years of the Tehran lipid and glucose study. Int J Endocrinol Metab 2018;16:e84778. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5812/ijem.84778
Azizi F, Esmaillzadeh A, Mirmiran FP. Obesity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in Tehran adults: A population-based study. East Mediterr Health J 2004;10:887–97.
Hosseinpanah F, Barzin M, Eskandary PS, et al. Trends of obesity and abdominal obesity in Tehranian adults: A cohort study. BMC Public Health 2009;9:426. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-426
Barzin M, Hosseinpanah F, Motamedi MA, et al. Bariatric surgery for morbid obesity: Tehran Obesity Treatment Study (TOTS) rationale and study design. JMIR Res Protoc 2016;5:e8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/resprot.5214
Zou Y,Zhang R, Zhou B, Huang L, et al. A comparison study on the prevalence of obesity and its associated factors among city, township and rural area adults in China. BMJ 2015;5:e008417. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008417
Azizi F, Azadbakht L, Mirmiran P. Trends in overweight, obesity and central fat accumulation among Tehranian adults between 1998–1999 and 2001-2002: Tehran lipid and glucose study. Ann Nutr Metab 2005;49:3-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000084171
Hajian-Tilaki KO, Heidari B. Prevalence of obesity, central obesity and the associated factors in urban population aged 20-70 years, in the north of Iran: a population-based study and regression approach. Obes Rev 2007;8:3-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2006.00235.x
Akhavan Tabib A, Kelishadie R, et al. Healthy heard program: Obesity in center of Iran. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci 2003;26:227-235.
Panagiotakos DB, Pitsavos C, Chrysohoou C, et al. Epidemiology of overweight and obesity in a Greek adult population: the ATTICA Study. Obes Res 2004;12:1914-20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2004.239
Ghadiri-Anari A, Jafarizadah M, Zare A, et al. Prevalence of obesity and overweight among adults in Iranian Populaton (Yazd Province). Iran J Diabetes Obes 2013;5:67-70.
Mirzazadeh A, Salimzadeh H, Arabi M, et al. Trends of obesity in Iranian adults from 1990s to late 2000s; a systematic review and meta-analysis. Middle East J Dig Dis 2013;5:151-7.
Fattahzadeh-Ardalani G, Masoumi R, Amani F, Zakeri A. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among high school girls in Ardabil, Iran. Int J Adv Med 2017;4:486-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20171047
Ezzati M, Bentham J, Di Cesare M, et al. Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128.9 million children, adolescents, and adults. Lancet 2017;390:2627-42.
Ministry of Health and Medical Education. WHO STEPs approach on non-communicable disease; Iran – round 1. 2007.
Farshidi H, Zare S, Booshehri E. Association of different anthropometric measures and blood pressure in adult population of Bandar-Abbas city. Hormozgan Med J 2006;10:111–8.
Ministry of Health and Medical Education. WHO STEPs approach on non-communicable disease; Iran – round 2. 2008.