Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Iranian population: A population-based study in northwestern of Iran

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  • Farhad Pourfarzi
    Digestive Disease Research Center, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Alireza Sadjadi
    Digestive Oncology Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Hossein Poustchi
    Digestive Oncology Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Firouz Amani
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran, Islamic Republic of.

ABSTRACT

Background: Overweight and obesity and its problems are the most important health and nutrition issues of adolescents in developed and developing countries. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among the studied population.

Design and methods
: This Persian Cohort Study is a population-based study of 10,000 men and women, aged 35-70 years in northwest of Iran. Anthropometric parameters such as height, weight, waist circumference and hip circumference were measured by interviewers. Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were used to assess overweight and obesity.

Results:
 The mean age of all participants was 49.1±8.7 and 56.1% of them were female.  The mean height of participants was 162.5±9.4 kg in range 126-196 and the mean weight of them was 78.5±13.1 cm in range 40-164. According to BMI, 42.7% of all participants had overweight and 45% had obesity. According to the WHR, 71.8% of males and 97.9% of females had high WHR (abdominal obesity).

Conclusions:
 Results showed that the rate of overweight and obesity in studied people was more than country rate. So programing for raising their Quality of Life (QoL) and lifestyle and also changing their poor nutritional habits is essential in area healthy people.

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