Future anxiety in students of communication and Islamic broadcasting program: The correlation with resilience

Date Icon Publish Date

ABSTRACT

One of the anxiety disorders in students is future anxiety. A high level of unemployment becomes the most significant stressor of this anxiety. In 2019, the department of communication became the department with the highest unemployment rate in the world. The students of Communication and Islamic Broadcasting Department feel this phenomenon and find difficulties in finding a job. This condition triggers the students' concerns about the future. In this case, future anxiety can be influenced by one of the protective factors, namely resilience. This study aims to identify the correlation between resilience and future anxiety of the Communication and Islamic Broadcasting Department students.

Design and Methods
: This study was conducted by employing a cross-sectional design and involving students of the Communication and Islamic Broadcasting Department (n = 238) of Universitas Ibn Khaldun, Bogor. This study used the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale 10 questionnaire to measure the resilience and Future Anxiety Scale to measure future anxiety. Meanwhile, the bivariate analysis between resilience and future anxiety was conducted by employing the Pearson product-moment correlation.

Results: This reveals a negative correlation between resilience and future anxiety (-0.379) with a moderate correlation.

Conclusions
: This study recommends several efforts to increase resilience for stress management, possibly guided by nurses. Moreover, higher education institutions can facilitate students by providing counseling and training in time management, enhancing adaptive coping, and developing the alumni association as media of future planning discussion for students.

REFERENCES

Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. [Riset kesehatan dasar 2018 (basic health research 2018)].[in Indonesian]. Jakarta: Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia; 2018. Available from: https://kesmas.kemkes.go.id/assets/upload/dir_519d41d8cd98f00/files/Hasil-riskesdas-2018_1274.pdf

American Psychiatric Association. Americans’ overall level of anxiety about health, safety, and finances remain high [Internet]. Washington: American Psychiatric Association; 2019. Available from: https://www.psychiatry.org/newsroom/news-releases/americans-overall-level-of-anxiety-about-health-safety-and-finances-remain-high

The American Institute of Stress. Anxiety in college students: causes, statistics & how universities can help. Weatherford: the American Institute of Stress; 2019. Available from: https://www.stress.org/anxiety-in-college-students-causes-statistics-how-universities-can-help

Zaleski Z, Sobol-Kwapinska M, Przepiorka A, Meisner M. Development and validation of the dark future scale. Time Soc 2019;28:107-23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0961463X16678257

Statistics Indonesia. [Februari 2019, tingkat pengangguran terbuka 5,01 persen (Indonesia's open unemployment rate hits 5.01% in February 2019)].[in Indonesian]. Jakarta: Statistics Indonesia; 2019. Available from: https://dompukab.bps.go.id/news/2019/05/06/377/februari-2019-tingkat-pengangguran-terbuka-5-01-persen.html

Gusman H. [Bagaimana pandemi COVID-19 memengaruhi angka pengangguran RI (how COVID-19 affects to Indonesia's unemployment rates)].[in Indonesian]. Tirto.id; 2020. Available from: https://tirto.id/bagaimana-pandemi-covid-19-memengaruhi-angka-pengangguran-ri-fK3e

Kelly J. Recent college graduates have the highest unemployment rate in decades – here’s why universities are to blame. Forbes; 2019 Nov 14. Available from: http://www.forbes.com/sites/jackkelly/2019/11/14/recent-college-graduates-have-the-highest-unemployment-rate-in-decadesheres-why-universities-are-to-blame/

Usman AR, Bustami, Setiana NA, Hayatullah. [Alumni komunikasi dan penyiaran Islam (KPI): peluang kerja (alumni of islamic communication and broadcasting and job opportunities)].[Article in Indonesian]. Profetik Jurnal Komunikasi 2019;12:149-59. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/pjk.v12i1.1492

Ika. [Mahasiswa rentan alami kecemasan sosial (students are likely vurnerable to social anxiety)].[in Indonesian]. Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2019. Available from: https://ugm.ac.id/id/berita/17629-mahasiswa-rentan-alami-kecemasan-sosial

Collins SPK. Most americans don’t know the true danger of anxiety. Think Progress. 2015 Sep 1. Available from: https://archive.thinkprogress.org/most-americans-dont-know-the-true-danger-of-anxiety-85bc4a08dd2f/

Putra W. [Tiga mahasiswa unpad bunuh diri, psikiater ungkap penyebabnya (three students of Padjadjaran University committing mass suicide, a psyhciatric revealed its causes)].[in Indonesian]. Detik News; 2019. Available from: m.detik.com/news/berita-jawa-barat/d-4463416/tiga-mahasiswa-unpad-bunuh-diri-psikiater-ungkap-penyebabnya

Videbeck S. Psychiatric-mental health nursing. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011.

Stuart GW. Princples and practice of psychiatric nursing. 10th ed. Elsevier; 2008.

Campbell-Sills L, Stein MB. Psychometric analysis and refinement of the connor–davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC): validation of a 10-item measure of resilience. J Trauma Stress 2007;20:1019-28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20271

Zaleski Z. Future anxiety: concept, measurement, and preliminary research. Pers Indiv Differ 1996;21:165-74. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(96)00070-0

Hijrana. Hubungan frekuensi menonton drama Korea dengan perilaku mahasiswa fakultas dakwah dan komunikasi UIN Alauddin Makassar (the correlation between frequency or watching Korean drama with the behavior of students of faculty of da'wa and communication, UIN Alauddin Makassar)].[Thesis in Indonesian]. Makassar: UIN Alauddin Makassar; 2017.

Potter PA, Perry AG, Stockert PA, Hall AM. Fundamental of nursing. 8th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier; 2013.

Uriadi A. [Respon mahasiswa komunikasi dan penyiaran Islam terhadap program damai Indonesiaku di TV ONE (the communication and da'wa students' responses on damai Indonesiaku TV program airred on TV ONE)].[in Indonesian]. Jakarta: Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah; 2011.

Stellarosa Y, Silaban MW. [Perempuan, media dan profesi jurnalis (women in mass media and journalism)].[Article in Indonesian]. Jurnal Kajian Komunikasi 2019;7:97-109. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24198/jkk.v7i1.18844

Hamidi R. [Hubungan optimisme dan resiliensi pada mahasiswa yang menempuh skripsi (the correlation between optimism and resilience on students who do the final paper)].[Thesis in Indonesian]. Malang: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang; 2017.

Prince-Embury S, Saklofske DH, editors. Resilience in children, adolescents, and adults: translating research into practice. New York: Springer; 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-4939-3

Cacioppo J, Freberg L. Discovering psychology: the science of mind briever version. Wadsworth: Cengage Learning; 2012.

Simanullang MSD. [Faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi tingkat kecemasan diabetisi tipe 2 (Factors affecting the level of anxiety in patient with type 2 diabetes)].[Thesis in Indonesian]. Depok: Universitas Indonesia; 2017.

Hosseini L, Khazali H. Comparing the level of anxiety in male & female school students. Proc Soc Behv 2013;84:41–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.506

Ministry of Education and Culture, Republic of Indonesia. [Pangkalan data pendidikan tinggi (Higher education database)].[in Indonesian]. Jakarta: Ministry of education and culture Republic of Indonesia; 2020. Available from: https://pddikti.kemdikbud.go.id/

Hammad MA. Future anxiety and its relationship to students’ attitude toward academic specialization. J Educ Pract 2016;7:54-65.

Fathanah. [Hubungan antara resiliensi dan bersyukur pada mahasiswa penerima Bidikmisi di Universitas Indonesia (The relationship between resilience and gratitude among students of University of Indonesia who receive Bidikmisi scholarship)].[in Indonesian]Depok: Universitas Indonesia; 2014.

Ta VP, Gesselman AN, Perry BL, et al. Stress of singlehood: marital status, domain-specific stress, and anxiety in a National U.S. Sample. J Soc Clin Psychol 2017;36:461–85. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2017.36.6.461

Campbell-Sills L, Forde DR, Stein MB. Demographic and childhood environmental predictors of resilience in a community sample. J Psychiat Res 2009;43:1007-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2009.01.013

Maddi SR. Hardiness turning stressful circumstances into resilient growth. New York: Springer; 2013.

Prabowo DA. [Hubungan antara distres psikologis dan resiliensi pada mahasiswa (The relationship between psychological distress and resilience in students)].[Thesis in Indonesian]. Depok: Universitas Indonesia; 2016.

Sarini IL. [Hubungan tingkat stres dengan perilaku makan mahasiswa FIK UI saat menjalani praktik klinik di rumah sakit (relation between stress level and eating behaviour of nursing student during clinical practice)].[Thesis in Indonesian] Depok: Universitas Indonesia; 2018.

Nadira A. [Hubungan antara penerimaan diri dan kecemasan menghadapi masa depan pada mahasiswa Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia (relationship between the psychology students' self-acceptance to anxiety in facing the future)].[Thesis in Indonesian]. Depok: Universitas Indonsia; 2013.

Hilmi MSD. [Kecemasan menghadapi masa depan pada mahasiswa disabilitas (tuna netra) dilihat dari penerimaan diri melalui dukungan sosial di Kota Malang (Anxiety in facing the future in students with disabilities (blind) can be seen from self-acceptance through social support in Malang City)].[Thesis in Indonesian]. Malang: Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim; 2013.

Tugade MM, Fredrickson BL, Barret LF. Psychological resilience and positive emotional granularity. J Pers 2004;72:1161-90. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2004.00294.x

Scott KM, Wells JE, Angermayer M, Brugha TS, et al. Gender and the relationship between marital status and first onset of mood, anxiety and substance use disorders. Psychol Med 2010;40:1495-505. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291709991942

Šmitas A, Gustainienė L. Is resilience related to depression, anxiety and energy? European social survey results. Eur Proc Soc Behav Sci 2016;8:125-30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.05.12

Luthar SS, Cicchetti D, Becker B. The construct of resilience: a critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Dev 2000;71:543-62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00164

Himmel JP. The understanding and promotion of resilience in college students. [PhD Thesis]. New England: Antioch University; 2015.

Jones PJ, Park SY, Lefevor GT. Contemporary college student anxiety: the role of academic distress, financial stress, and support. J Coll Couns 2018;21:252-64. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jocc.12107

Our most popular topics on Journal of Public Health Research

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.