Electronic cigarettes consumption and associated factors among general population in Western Saudi Arabia

  • Ziyad Alzahrani
    College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Syed Faisal Zaidi
    Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Batterjee Medical College for Sciences and Technology, Jeddah , Saudi Arabia.
  • Hatem Alsolami
    College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Bader Bashrahil
    College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Nawaf Alghamdi
    College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Mohammad Nooh
    College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Muhammad Anwar Khan
    College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Asim Muhammed Alshanberi
    Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Batterjee Medical College for Sciences and Technology, Jeddah; Department of Community Medicine and Pilgrims Health Care, Umm Alqura University, Makkah , Saudi Arabia.
  • Sultan Qanash
    College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.


BackgroundIn recent years, consumption of E-cigarettes has increased dramatically. Several studies have focused on the prevalence of E-cigarettes among specific groups of people, using it as a substitute to traditional cigarettes, or the participant knowledge regarding risks. This research was aimed on E-cigarettes’ prevalence and its association to several factors in the general population of Western Saudi Arabia.

Design and Methods
Using an observational cross-sectional study, data were collected from (n=465) above 18 years old smokers during the survey at public attractions. A validated self-administered questionnaire acquired from previous studies was employed to insure the suitability for the general population of Jeddah Saudi Arabia. Sample size was calculated via Raosoft@ and adults of either gender were included in the study. Descriptive or inferential statistical analysis was performed using SPSS.

The preponderance of e-cigarette smokers used entertainment as the reason for smoking, with an average of (33.9%). Although one reason for e-cigarette consumption was to cease traditional smoking, results showed an average of (49.4%), which is the majority of those who attempted to cease traditional smoking via e-cigarette, did not succeed in quitting traditional smoking. This study also demonstrated that participant that believed that e-cigarette is beneficial had a higher chance to cease conventional smoking than who did not (32.1% versus 14.6%) which is significant (p<0.001).

In conclusion, this study estimated the prevalence of e-cigarette consumption among the population of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia along with assessment of elements which help increase the overall e-cigarette consumption in Jeddah.


Sultan Qanash, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah; Pulmonary Section, Department of Internal Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


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