The relationship between self-efficacy and spirituality in condom use behaviour among MSM-PLWHA in Bandung, indonesia

  • Nirwanto K. Rahim
    Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Jawa Barat, Indonesia.
  • Agung Waluyo
    Department of Medical surgical Nursing Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia.
  • Sri Yona
    Department of Medical surgical Nursing Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia.


Background: The prevalence of HIV/AIDS, especially among men who have sex with men (MSM), is increasing. Disease transmission occurs because of the low use of condoms. This study aimed to identify the relationship between condom self-efficacy and spirituality in condom use behavior.

Design and Methods
: This study used a cross-sectional design with consecutive sampling techniques. It involved 251 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) MSM. Chi-square test was used in bivariate analysis and then continued with the logistic regression analysis for multivariate analysis.

: The results show that there was a significant relationship between condom self-efficacy and condom use behavior with p-value <0.05 (OR=11.298; 95% CI: 4.35-20.1, p=0.000) and spirituality towards condom use behavior p-value <0.05 (OR=3.405; 95% CI: 0.85-3.21, p=0.00). In multivariate analysis of multiple logistic regression, condom self-efficacy is the factor that predominantly influences condom use behaviour.

: To improve the consistency of condom use, nurses need to prioritize interventions such as counselling activities that focus on increasing self-confidence (self-efficacy).


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