The effectiveness of nutrition and health intervention in workplace setting: a systematic review

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  • Qonita Rachmah
    Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
    https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6094-4885
  • Tri Martiana
    Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Mulyono Mulyono
    Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Indriati Paskarini
    Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Endang Dwiyanti
    Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Noeroel Widajati
    Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia.
  • Meirina Ernawati
    Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Yustinus D Ardyanto
    Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Abdul R. Tualeka
    Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Dani N. Haqi
    Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Shintia Y. Arini
    Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Putri A. Alayyannur
    Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.

ABSTRACT

Health status of workers are crucial to maintain their productivity and it will impact on output per capita. This systematic review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition and health intervention in workplace setting and implication for further research. Articles were searched from PubMed, PMC, Cochrane Library (Trial), Science-direct, and Google scholar published from 2005-2020. Inclusion criteria was the intervention subject aged 19-64 years old with experimental randomized control trial (RCT) or non-RCT study design. Several keywords used for literature searching including “nutrition education in workplace”, “nutrition intervention in workplace”, and “workplace intervention”. Data were narratively described. Eleven studies were meet inclusion and exclusion criteria and further be reviewed. Five studies focused on intervene food environment in the workplace, four studies focused on nutrition education using different channels i.e., workplace visiting and emails, the other two interventions were objected to decrease health risk regarding occupational health. Positive outcomes were recorded for all workplace intervention, including increase in nutrition knowledge, self-efficacy, reduce risky behavior, and also improved body mass index and blood biomarkers. Workplace nutrition and health intervention proved to be an effective way to enhanced balanced nutrition behavior and improve health status. This study implies an urgency of nutrition and health intervention in a workplace.

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