The obstacles to combat against COVID-19 pandemic and the remedies: Bangladesh scenario

Date Icon Publish Date
  • Mst. Rashida Pervin
    Department of Quantitative Sciences, International University of Business Agriculture and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • Rehana Parvin
    Department of Quantitative Sciences, International University of Business Agriculture and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • Md. Ashraful Babu
    Department of Quantitative Sciences, International University of Business Agriculture and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • Md. Mortuza Ahmmed
    Department of Mathematics, American International University-Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • Roy Rillera Marzo
    Department of Community Medicine, International Medical School, Management and Science University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.


Background: Bangladesh has been going through the austerity of the unique COVID-19 for more than a year like several other nations in the world in spite of concerted efforts taken by the government along with other concerned authorities who have advocated compulsory guidelines involving social distancing procedures accompanied by lockdown to have control over the pandemic. In this paper, the barriers faced by the government to protect people from the COVID-19 pandemic have been investigated. Also, the number of daily infected people against the number of daily tests has been underlined to comprehend the overall pandemic picture in Bangladesh.

Design and Methods: A descriptive study has been carried out to investigate the obstacles to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic for this country. The intensity of the outbreaks of the pandemic in this country is stated from March 8, 2020, to February 12, 2021. Secondary data have been employed from different sources to serve the goals of the study.

Results: The poor management in the health sector of Bangladesh has been an issue of major concern during the early stage of COVID-19 which incorporates deficiency of medical equipment, lack of facilities for testing COVID-19, poor patient management, and uncertainty in the medication system. Finally, some recommendations have been proposed for the concerned organizations to tackle the current pandemic and as well in the future.

Conclusions: To control this COVID-19 pandemic, it is necessary to find the difficulties and discover the remedies which have been done in this paper for the Bangladesh perspective.


Mukherji N. The social and economic factors underlying the impact of COVID-19 cases and deaths in US counties. MedRxiv 2020; doi: 10.1101/2020.05.04.20091041.

Goldstein JR, Lee RD. Demographic perspectives on mortality of covid-19 and other epidemics (No. w27043). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2020;117:22035-41.

Nicholas GD, Petra K, Yang L, et al. Age-dependent effects in the transmission and control of COVID-19 epidemics. Nat Med 2020;26:1205-11.

Sultana F, Reza HM. Are SAARC countries prepared to combat COVID-19 to save young, working-age population? AIMS Public Health 2020;7:440.

McKibbin WJ, Fernando R. The global macroeconomic impacts of COVID-19: Seven scenarios. CAMA Working Paper No. 62/2020. Available from:

Jordà Ò, Singh SR, Taylor AM. Longer-run economic consequences of pandemics (No. w26934). NBER Working Paper No. 26934; 2020.

Kalabikhina IE. Demographic and social issues of the pandemic. Popul Econ 2020;4:103.

Olaseni VM, Olaseni AO. Covid-19 pandemic: impact of socio-demographic factors and parent’s life orientation on enforced learning in pupils during lock-down in Nigeria. Cape Comorin 2020;2:34-9.

Ghosh R, Dubey MJ, Chatterjee S, Dubey S. Impact of COVID-19 on children: special focus on psychosocial aspect. Education 2020;31:34.

Dawadi S, Giri R, Simkhada P. Impact of COVID-19 on the education sector in Nepal: challenges and coping strategies. 2020. Preprint. Available from:

World Health Organization. (2020). COVID-19: operational guidance for maintaining essential health services during an outbreak: interim guidance. World Health Organization, 25 March 2020. Available from:

Davies SE, Bennett B. A gendered human rights analysis of Ebola and Zika: locating gender in global health emergencies. International Affairs 2016;92:1041-60.

Wenham C, Smith J, Morgan R. COVID-19: the gendered impacts of the outbreak. Lancet 2020;395:846-8.

Hall KS, Samari G, Garbers S, et al. Centring sexual and reproductive health and justice in the global COVID-19 response. Lancet 2020;395:1175-7.

Purdy C. Opinion: how will COVID-19 affect global access to contraceptives—and what can we do about it? Devex, 11 March 2020. Avaiable from:

Marie Stopes International. Stories from the frontline: in the shadow of the COVID-19 pandemic. 2020. Accessed on 2 January, 2021. Available from:

International Planned Parenthood Federation. COVID-19 pandemic cuts access to sexual and reproductive healthcare for women around the world. 2020. Accessed on 12 January 2021. Available from:

Miller A, Reandelar MJ, Fasciglione K, et al. Correlation between universal BCG vaccination policy and reduced morbidity and mortality for COVID-19: an epidemiological study. MedRxiv 2020: doi: 10.1101/2020.03.24.20042937.

Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR),

BHW, December-2020. Accessed on 22 January, 2021. Available from:

Sullivan H. Global report: Bangladesh hospital owner accused of faking thousands of Covid-19 test results. The Guardian, July 16, 2020. Accessed on 22 January, 2021. Available from:

World Bank Open Data. Accessed on 22 January, 2021. Available from:

Population & Housing Census 2011. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). Accessed on 22 January, 2021. Available from:

Huremović D. Brief History of Pandemics (Pandemics Throughout History). In: Huremović D. (eds) Psychiatry of Pandemics. Springer, Cham; 2019.

Martin P. Epidemics: lessons from the past and current patterns of response [Les épidémies: des leçons du passé au dispositif actuel de réponse]. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 2008;340:670-8.

Islam MT, Talukder AK, Siddiqui MN, Islam T. Tackling the COVID-19 pandemic: the Bangladesh perspective. J Public Health Res 2020;9:1794.

Htay MNN, Marzo RR, AlRifai A, et al. Immediate impact of COVID-19 on mental health and its associated factors among healthcare workers: A global perspective across 31 countries. J Global Health 2020;10:020381

Htay MNN, Marzo RR, Bahari R, et al. How healthcare workers are coping with mental health challenges during COVID-19 pandemic? – A cross-sectional multi-countries study. Clin Epidemiol Global Health 2021;11:100759.

Marzo RR, Singh A, Mukti RF. A survey of psychological distress among Bangladeshi people during the COVID-19 pandemic. Clin Epidemiol Global Health 2021;10:100693.

Kamberi F, Sinaj E, Jaho J, et al. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health, risk perception and coping strategies among health care workers in Albania – evidence that needs attention. Clinical Epidemiol Global Health 2021;12:100824.

Marzo RR, Ismail Z, Htay MNN, et al. Psychological distress during pandemic Covid-19 among adult general population: Result across 13 countries. Clin Epidemiol Global Health 2021;10:100708.

Marzo RR, Quilatan Villanueva III E, Martinez Faller E, Moralidad Baldonado A. Factors associated with psychological distress among filipinos during coronavirus disease-19 pandemic crisis. Open Access Macedonian J Med Sci 2020;8:309–13.

Jarrett C, Wilson R, O’Leary M, et al. Strategies for addressing vaccine hesitancy – a systematic review. Vaccine 2015;33:4180–90.

Larson HJ, Clarke RM, Jarrett C, et al. Measuring trust in vaccination: A systematic review. Hum Vacc Immunother 2018;14:1599–1609.

MacDonald NE. Vaccine hesitancy: definition, scope and determinants. Vaccine 2015;33:4161–4.

King I, Heidler P, Marzo RR. The long and winding road: uptake, acceptability, and potential influencing factors of COVID-19 vaccination in Austria. Vaccines 2021;9:790.

Fadda M, Albanese E, Suggs LS. When a COVID-19 vaccine is ready, will we all be ready for it? Int J Public Health 2020;65:711–2.

Our most popular topics on Journal of Public Health Research

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.