Differences in the quality of life of chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

  • Ika Setyo Rini
    School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
  • Titik Rahmayani
    Dr. Saiful Anwar General Hospital Malang, Indonesia.
  • Efris Kartika Sari
    School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
  • Retno Lestari
    School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.


Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as a progressive disease that causes renal failure and requires extended and long-term therapies. CKD patients need to choose one of these therapies to improve their quality of life. This study aims to investigate differences in the quality of life of chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).

Design and Methods:
 The study design used is similar to the cross-sectional design. Therefore, in this study observations were carried out, a EQ_5D life quality questionnaire sheet was administered to respondents, and a purposive sampling method was used. The total number of respondents was 250 and consisted of 125 hemodialysis and CAPD patients each.

The results obtained using the Mann Whitney method was a p-value (0.515)> α (0.05). These results also included five components, namely the ability to move/walk to an acceptable degree, adequate self-care, performance of usual activities, minimal amount of pain/discomfort during hemodialysis and CAPD, and acceptable levels of anxiety/sadness.

This research concludes that there is no difference in the quality of life between CKD patients  undergoing hemodialysis and CAPD.


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