Knowledge, attitude and practice on COVID-19 among students during the early phase of pandemic in a university in Borneo, Malaysia
Background: COVID-19 related knowledge, attitude and practice plays a major role in determining the readiness of the community to adopt the behavioural change towards recommended preventive measures outlined by public health officials. This study aims to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 among university students as well as its associated factors.
Method: This is a cross sectional study that was conducted among students in a public university during the early phase of COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia. An online validated self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis test was used to determine the association between independent variables with knowledge, attitude, and practice score.
Results: Overall response rate of this study was 92.9 (n=524). Median score of knowledge domain was 78.0 (IQR= ±12.0), median attitude score of 49.0 (IQR= ±5.0), and median practice score of 80.0 (IQR= ±11.0). The mean knowledge, attitude and practice score were significantly higher among diploma holder (vs degree holder, p<0.05), residing in main Kota Kinabalu campus (vs non-KK campus, p<0.001), studying in medical faculty (vs non-medical faculty, p<0.001), and attended COVID-19 education (vs non-attendance; p<0.05).
Conclusion: COVID-19 related knowledge and attitude were below satisfactory level during earlier phase of the pandemic. However, majority of respondents have positive behaviour towards COVID-19 prevention. This highlights the importance of accurate and tailored health education to improve the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of recommended measures to prevent COVID-19 spread.
Cascella M, Rajnik M, Cuomo A, et al. Features, evaluation and treatment coronavirus (COVID-19). StatPearls Publishing, 2020.
Bai Y, Yao L, Wi T, et al. Presumed Asymptomatic Carrier Transmission of COVID-19. JAMA 2020;323:1406-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.2565
Worldometer. Coronavirus Update (Live): 2,550,006 Cases and 177,106 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Pandemic. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/
Aziz NA. Othman J, LugovaH, Suleiman A. Malaysia’s approach in handling COVID-19 onslaught: Report on the Movement Control Order (MCO) and targeted screening to reduce community infection rate and impact on public health and economy. J Infect Public Health 2020;13:1823-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2020.08.007
Nutbeam D. Health literacy as a public health goal: a challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century. Health Promot Int 2000;15:259–67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/15.3.259
Salvaraji L, Rahim SSSA, Jefree MS, et al. The importance of high index of suspicion and immediate containment of suspected COVID-19 cases in institute of higher education Sabah, Malaysia Borneo. Malaysian J Public Heal Med 2020;20:74–83. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.20/no.2/art.573
Mukhsam MH, Jefree MS, Pang NTZ, et al. A university-wide preparedness effort in the alert phase of COVID-19 incorporating community mental health and task-shifting strategies: Experience from a Bornean institute of higher learning. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2020;103:1201-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0458
Zhong BL, Luo W, Li H-M, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Biol Sci 2020;16:1745–52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7150/ijbs.45221
Azlan AA, Hamzah MR, Sern TJ, et al. Public knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19: A cross-sectional study in Malaysia. PLoS One 2020;15:1–15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233668
Saqlain M, Munir MM, Rehman SU, et al. Knowledge, attitude, practice and perceived barriers among healthcare workers regarding COVID-19: a cross-sectional survey from Pakistan. J Hosp Infect 2020;105:419–23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.05.007
Alzoubi H, Alnawaiseh N, Al-Mnayyis A, et al. Covid-19 - Knowledge, attitude and practice among medical and non-medical university students in Jordan. J Pure Appl Microbiol 2020;14:17–24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.14.1.04
Aynalem YA, Akalu TY, Gebresellassie B, et al. Assessment of undergraduate student knowledge, practices, and attitude towards COVID-19 in Debre Berhan University, Ethiopia. ResearchSquare preprint 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-28556/v1
Wadood MA, Mamun ASMA, Rafi A, et al. Knowledge, attitude, practice and perception regarding COVID-19 among students in Bangladesh: Survey in Rajshahi University. medRxiv 2020.04.21.20074757 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.21.20074757
Tang KHD, Movement control as an effective measure against Covid-19 spread in Malaysia: an overview. Z Gesundh Wiss 2020;1-4. Online ahead of print. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-020-01316-w
Karim HA. Health literacy among rural communities: Issues of accessibility to information and media literacy. J Komun Malaysian J Commun. 2020;36:248–262. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17576/JKMJC-2020-3601-14
Cuan-Baltazar JY, Muñoz-Perez MJ, Robledo-Vega CM, et al. Misinformation of COVID-19 on the internet: Infodemiology study. JMIR Public Heal Surveill. 2020;6:e18444. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/18444
Kassim MAM, Pang NTP, Mohamed NH, et al. Relationship between fear of COVID-19, psychopathology and sociodemographic variables in Malaysian population. Int J Men. Health Addict. 2021;1–8. Online ahead of print. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00444-4
Pang NTP, Kamu A, Hambali NLB, et al. Malay version of the fear of COVID-19 scale: Validity and reliability. Int J Ment Health Addict 2020;1-10. Correction in: Int J Ment Health Addict. 2020 July 25;1.
Pang NTP, Kamu A, Hambali NLB, et al. Correction to: Malay version of the fear of COVID-19 scale: Validity and reliability. Int J Ment Health Addict. 2020 July 25;1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00373-2
Gelaw SM. Socioeconomic factors associated with knowledge on tuberculosis among adults in Ethiopia. Tuberc Res Treat 2016;2016:1–11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/6207457
Al-Muhafda Z, Qaher M, Faisal E, et al. Knowledge of MERS-Corona virus among female students at Qatar University. Proceedings Qatar Foundation Annual Research Conference 2016. p. 10–11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5339/qfarc.2016.HBSP3348
Bijwaard GE, van Kippersluis H. Efficiency of health investment: Education or intelligence? Health Economics 201;25:1056–1072. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/hec.3356
Barua Z, Barua S, Aktar S, et al. Effects of misinformation on COVID-19 individual responses and recommendations for resilience of disastrous consequences of misinformation. Prog Disaster Sci 2020;8:100119. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2020.100119
Malaysian Institute for Public Health. Ministry of Health, National Health and Morbidity Survey 2015, vol. 2. 2015.
Gallè F, Sabella EA, Da Molin G, et al. Understanding knowledge and behaviors related to covid−19 epidemic in italian undergraduate students: The epico study. Int J.Environ Res Public Health 2020;17:1–11.
Nemati M, Ebrahimi B, Nemati F. Assessment of iranian nurses’ knowledge and anxiety toward covid-19 during the current outbreak in Iran. Arch Clin Infect Dis 2020;15:e102848. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5812/archcid.102848
Carducci A, Fiore M, Azara A, et al. Environment and health: Risk perception and its determinants among Italian university students. Sci Total Environ 2019;691:1162–72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.201
Dorn E, Hancock B, Sarakatsannis J, Viruleg E. COVID-19 and student learning in the United States: The hurt could last a lifetime. McKinsey Co. 2020. Available from: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/public-and-social-sector/our-insights/covid-19-and-student-learning-in-the-united-states-the-hurt-could-last-a-lifetime#
Peng Y, Pei C, Zheng Y, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice associated with COVID-19 among university students: a cross-sectional survey in China. BMC Public Health 2020;20:1292. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09392-z
Georgiou N, Delfabbro P, Balzan R. COVID-19-related conspiracy beliefs and their relationship with perceived stress and pre-existing conspiracy beliefs. Pers Individ Dif 2020;166:110201. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110201
Ahmad A, Munn Sann L, Abdul Rahman H. Factors associated with knowledge, attitude and practice related to hepatitis B and C among international students of Universiti Putra Malaysia. BMC Public Health 2016;16:1–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3188-5
Li W, Liao J, li Q, et al. Public health education for parents during the outbreak of COVID-19: a rapid review. Ann Transl Med 2020;8:628. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21037/atm-20-3312
Chawla SPS, Kaur S, Bhart A, et al. Impact of health education on knowledge, attitude, practices and glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Fam Med Prim Care 2019;8:261. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_228_18
Sazali MF, Rahim SSSA, Avoi R, et al. Factors of never screened with faecal occult blood test in public primary care facilities. Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev 2021;22:163–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2021.22.1.163
Jeffree MS, Ahmedy F, Avoi R, Ibrahim MY. Integrating digital health for healthcare transformation: Conceptual model of smart healthcare for northern Borneo. Int J Adv Trends Comput Sci Eng 2020;9:110-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30534/ijatcse/2020/17912020
Rogers CR, Robinson CD, Arroyo C, et al. Colorectal cancer screening uptake’s association with psychosocial and sociodemographic factors among homeless blacks and whites. Health Educ Behav 2017;44:928–36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198117734284
- Abstract views: 235
- PDF: 110
Copyright (c) 2021 The Author(s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.