Internship preparedness among students in healthcare-related fields in the COVID-19 era: Exploring the attitude and knowledge in Saudi Arabia
Background: In the COVID-19 era, efforts are being made to increase awareness among students and enhance best practices to mitigate the outbreak. To that end, the overarching aims of this study were to understand students’ attitude toward and knowledge of COVID-19 and examine the predictors of their attitude toward hand hygiene.
Design and Methods: This cross-sectional survey study, conducted in Saudi Arabia, enrolled interns from diverse healthcare-related fields. The questionnaire was divided into three sections: sociodemographic data, knowledge of COVID-19, and attitude toward hand hygiene. The data was expressed as median and interquartile range (IQR).
Results: In all, 371 responses were analyzed. The median knowledge score was 20, which was considered good. There were no statistically significant differences across age, hospital setting, or gender. Of the 254 respondents who had attended an educational session, 167 (65%) had a good knowledge score and 83 (33%) had a moderate score, compared with only four (2%) who had a poor score. The cumulative median score of the respondents’ attitudes was 6 (IQR ), which reflects a suboptimal attitude—only 38 (22%) reported a good attitude. The predicted effect of knowledge on attitude (good/suboptimal) was statistically significant (p = 0.02) using univariate logistic regression.
Conclusions: The results suggest a strong need to encourage the current training program that targets hand hygiene practices among students in healthcare-related fields, especially prior to the internship year.
Cucinotta D, Vanelli M. WHO declares COVID-19 a pandemic. Acta Bio-Medica Atenei Parm. 2020; 91:157–160.
Abdelhafiz AS, Mohammed Z, Ibrahim ME, et al., Knowledge, perceptions, and attitude of Egyptians towards the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). J Community Health. 202; 45(5):881-890. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-020-00827-7
Bartoszko JJ, Farooqi MAM, Alhazzani W, Loeb M. Medical masks vs N95 respirators for preventing COVID-19 in healthcare workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2020;14:365–373. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/irv.12745
AL-Rasheedi M, Alhazmi Y, Ali AlM, et al. Public and healthcare providers awareness of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 2020; 24(1): 90-98. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2020.08.035
Modi PD, Nair G, Uppe A, et al. COVID-19 awareness among healthcare students and professionals in Mumbai Metropolitan Region: a questionnaire-based survey. Cureus. 2020;12:e7514. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7514
Al-Hanawi MK, Angawi K, Alshareef N, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice toward COVID-19 among the public in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. Front Public Health. 2020; 8 (217):1-10 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00217
Huynh G, Nguyen TNH, Tran VK, et al. Knowledge and attitude toward COVID-19 among healthcare workers at District 2 Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2020;13:260. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/1995-7645.280396
Nair SS, Hanumantappa R, Hiremath SG, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of hand hygiene among medical and nursing students at a tertiary health care centre in Raichur, India. ISRN Preventive Medicine. 2014; 2014:e608927. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/608927
Al Mutairi SM, Alotaibi A, Kofi M, Alsuraimi A, Bawazir A To what extent the hand hygiene among health care workers become the core of best practice in the COVID-19 era? Int Arch Nurs Health Care 2020; 6(4):1-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.23937/2469-5823/1510144
Shi Y, Wang J, Yang Y, et al. Knowledge and attitudes of medical staff in Chinese psychiatric hospitals regarding COVID-19. Brain Behav Immun-Health. 2020;100064. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbih.2020.100064
Olum R, Chekwech G, Wekha G, et al. Coronavirus disease-2019: Knowledge, attitude, and practices of health care workers at Makerere University Teaching Hospitals, Uganda. Front Public Health. 2020; 8:181. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00181
Taghrir MH, Borazjani R, Shiraly R. COVID-19 and Iranian medical students: a survey on their related-knowledge, preventive behaviors and risk perception. Arch Iran Med. 2020; 23:249–254. DOI: https://doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.06
Alghamdi SM, Alqahtani JS, Aldhahir AM. Current status of telehealth in Saudi Arabia during COVID-19. J Fam Community Med. 2020; 27:208. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/jfcm.JFCM_295_20
Keshvardoost S, Bahaadinbeigy K, Fatehi F. Role of telehealth in the management of COVID-19: lessons learned from previous SARS, MERS, and Ebola outbreaks. Telemed E-Health. 2020; 26:850–852 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1089/tmj.2020.0105
Bandura A. Social foundations of thought and action. Englewood Cliffs NJ; 1986.
Zimmerman J. Coronavirus and the great online-learning experiment. Chron High Educ. 2020;37–47.
Zimmerman BJ, Bandura A, Martinez-Pons M. Self-motivation for academic attainment: the role of self-efficacy beliefs and personal goal setting. Am Educ Res J. 1992; 29:663–676. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3102/00028312029003663
Naciri A, Baba MA, Achbani A, et al. Mobile learning in higher education: unavoidable al-ternative during COVID-19. Aquademia. 2020;4:ep20016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29333/aquademia/8227
Biswas B, Roy SK, Roy F. Students perception of mobile learning during COVID-19 in Bangladesh: university student perspective. Aquademia. 2020; 4(2):ep20023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.29333/aquademia/8443
Klímová B. Mobile learning in medical education. J Med Syst. 2018; 42:1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-018-1056-9
Shahrvini B, Baxter SL, Coffey CS, et al. Pre-clinical remote undergraduate medical education during the COVID-19 pandemic: a survey study. BMC Med Educ. 2021;21:1–13. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02445-2
Alzoubi H, Alnawaiseh N, Al-Mnayyis A, et al. COVID-19 – knowledge, attitude and practice among medical and non-medical university students in Jordan. J Pure Appl Mi-crobiol. 2020;14:17-24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.14.1.04
Sanders JM, Monogue ML, Jodlowski TZ, et al. Pharmacologic treatments for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a review. JAMA 2020; 323:1824–1836. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.6019
Bagozzi R. Attitude formation under the theory of reasoned action and a purposeful be-haviour reformulation. British Journal of Social Psychology. 1986;25(2):95-107. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8309.1986.tb00708.x
Zhang M, Zhou M, Tang F, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 among healthcare workers in Henan, China. J Hosp Infect. 2020; 105:183–187. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.04.012
- Abstract views: 148
- PDF: 104
Copyright (c) 2021 The Author(s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.