Prevalence of sleep disorders among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Date Icon Publish Date
https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2020.1921
  • Reda Abdelmoaty Goweda
    Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
  • Abdurahman Hassan-Hussein
    Umm Al Qura University Faculty of Medicine, Saudi Arabia.
    https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2721-9884
  • Mohammed Ali Alqahtani
    Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Murad Mohammed Janaini
    Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Adi Hatim Alzahrani
    Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Basil Mamdooh Sindy
    Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Moayad Mansour Alharbi
    Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Sari Abdulhamid Kalantan
    Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Sleep disorders are a common medical problem and can affect health and quality of life. There are multiple types of sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia, narcolepsy, restless legs/periodic limb movement disorder, circadian rhythm disorders, sleepwalking and nightmares. Medical students appear to be more liable to develop sleep disorders due to their high academic load.

Design and Methods: 
This study seeks to estimate the prevalence of sleep disorders among Umm Al-Qura University medical students and associated risk factors. This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine of Umm Al-Qura University in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. A self administrated questionnaire was used to collect the data including socio-demographic data and sleep-50 questionnaire. Four hundred and thirty-eight (438) medical students from the second year to the sixth year were recruited to the study.

Results: 
Three hundred and twenty-three participants (73.8%) complained of at least one sleep disorder. The most prevalent sleep disorder among students was narcolepsy at 226 (51.6%). Female students, second year students and students spending significant time watching television or on smartphones were more affected than others with p values of 0.001, 0.005, and 0.004, respectively.

Conclusions: 
Sleep disorders are common among medical students. It is essential to detect and address them before their condition deteriorates.

AUTHOR BIOGRAPHY

Reda Abdelmoaty Goweda, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University

Department of Community Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

REFERENCES

Çağlayan Ş. Yaşam Bilimi Fizyoloji: Beynin entelektüel fonksiyonları. İstanbul Panel Matbaacılık. 1995:62-71.

Carley DW, Farabi SS. Physiology of sleep. Diabetes spectr 2016;29:5-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2337/diaspect.29.1.5

Baviskar M, Giri P, Phalke D. Study of sleep habits and sleep problems among medical students of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Loni. Ann Med Health Sci Res 2013;3:51-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.109488

Curcio G, Ferrara M, De Gennaro L. Sleep loss, learning capacity and academic performance. Sleep Med Rev 2006;10:323-37. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2005.11.001

Fenn KM, Hambrick DZ. Individual differences in working memory capacity predict sleep-dependent memory consolidation. J Exper Psychol 2012;141:404-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025268

Jewett M, Dijk D-J, Kronauer R, Dinges D. Dose-response relationship between sleep duration and human psychomotor vigilance and subjective alertness. Sleep 1999;22:171-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/22.2.171

Alhola P, Polo-Kantola P. Sleep deprivation: impact on cognitive performance. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2007;3:553-67.

Yoo SS, Hu P, Gujar N, et al. A deficit in the ability to form new human memories without sleep. Nature Neurosci 2007;10:385-92. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nn1851

Eller T, Aluoja A, Vasar V, Veldi M. Symptoms of anxiety and depression in Estonian medical students with sleep problems. Depression Anxiety 2006;23:250-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/da.20166

Carney C, Edinger J, Meyer B, et al. Daily activities and sleep quality in college students. Chronobiol Int 2006;23:623–37. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07420520600650695

O'Brien EM, Mindell JA. Sleep and risk-taking behavior in adolescents. Behav Sleep Med 2005;3:113-33. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/s15402010bsm0303_1

Pagel JF, Forister N, Kwiatkowki C. Adolescent sleep disturbance and school performance: the confounding variable of socioeconomics. J Clin Sleep Med 2007;3:19-23.

Smaldone A, Honig J, Byrne M. Sleepless in America: Inadequate Sleep and Relationships to Health and Well-being of Our Nation's Children. Pediatrics 2007;119:S29-37. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-2089F

Veldi M, Aluoja A, Vasar V. Sleep quality and more common sleep-related problems in medical students. Sleep Med 2005;6:269-75. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2004.12.003

Doane LD, Gress-Smith JL, Breitenstein RS. Multi-method assessments of sleep over the transition to college and the associations with depression and anxiety symptoms. J Youth Adolesc 2015;44:389-404. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0150-7

Wong JG, Patil NG, Beh SL, et al. Cultivating psychological well-being in Hong Kong's future doctors. Med Teach 2005;27:715-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01421590500237945

Azad M, Fraser K, Rumana N, et al. Sleep disturbances among medical students: a global perspective. J Clin Sleep Med 2015;11:69–74. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.4370

Parkerson GR Jr., Broadhead WE, Tse CK. The health status and life satisfaction of first-year medical students. Acad Med 1990;65:586-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/00001888-199009000-00009

Roth T, Ancoli-Israel S. Daytime consequences and correlates of insomnia in the United States: results of the 1991 National Sleep Foundation Survey. Sleep 1999;22:S354-8.

Spoormaker VI, Verbeek I, van den Bout J, Klip EC. Initial validation of the SLEEP-50 questionnaire. Behav Sleep Med 2005;3:227-46. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/s15402010bsm0304_4

Lima PF, Medeiros AL, Araujo JF. Sleep-wake pattern of medical students: early versus late class starting time. Brazilian J Med Biol Res 2002;35:1373-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2002001100016

Thomas S. A survey of Sleep disorders in college student: A study of Prevalence and Outcomes. PhD dissertation. Tuscaloosa (AL): University of Alabama. 2014.

Abdulghani HM, Alrowais NA, Bin-Saad NS, et al. Sleep disorder among medical students: relationship to their academic performance. Med Teach 2012;34:S37-41. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2012.656749

Taylor DJ, Bramoweth AD, Grieser EA, et al. Epidemiology of insomnia in college students: relationship with mental health, quality of life, and substance use difficulties. Behavior Ther 2013;44:339-48. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2012.12.001

Mohammadbeigi A, Absari R, Valizadeh F, et al. Sleep quality in medical students; the impact of over-use of mobile cell-phone and social networks. J Res Health Sci 2016;16:46-50.

Saxena Y, Abha S, Priyanka S. Short Communication Mobile usage and sleep patterns among medical students. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2014;58:100-3.

Ibrahim NK, Baharoon BS, Banjar WF, et al. Mobile phone addiction and its relationship to sleep quality and academic achievement of medical students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. J Res Health Sci 2018;18:e00420.

Hossain S, Nurunnabi M, Hussain K, Saha S. Effects of variety seeking intention by mobile phone usage on university students’ academic performance. Cogent Educ 2019;6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/2331186X.2019.1574692

Alsaggaf M, Wali S, Merdad R, Merdad L. Sleep quantity, quality, and insomnia symptoms of medical students during clinical years: Relationship with stress and academic performance. Saudi Med J 2016;37:173-82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15537/smj.2016.2.14288

Gaultney J. The prevalence of sleep disorders in college students: impact on academic performance. J American Coll Health 2010;59:91-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2010.483708

Sundarasen S, Chinna K, Kamaludin K, et al. Psychological impact of COVID-19 and lockdown among university students in Malaysia: implications and policy recommendations. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020;17:6206. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176206

Ferrel MN, Ryan JJ. The Impact of COVID-19 on medical education. Cureus 2020;12:e7492. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7492

Torun F, Torun S. The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on medical students in Turkey. Pakistan J Med Sci 2020;36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2985

Our most popular topics on Journal of Public Health Research

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.