Prevalence of sleep disorders among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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  • Reda Abdelmoaty Goweda
    Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
  • Abdurahman Hassan-Hussein
    Umm Al Qura University Faculty of Medicine, Saudi Arabia.
  • Mohammed Ali Alqahtani
    Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Murad Mohammed Janaini
    Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Adi Hatim Alzahrani
    Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Basil Mamdooh Sindy
    Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Moayad Mansour Alharbi
    Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Sari Abdulhamid Kalantan
    Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.


Background: Sleep disorders are a common medical problem and can affect health and quality of life. There are multiple types of sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia, narcolepsy, restless legs/periodic limb movement disorder, circadian rhythm disorders, sleepwalking and nightmares. Medical students appear to be more liable to develop sleep disorders due to their high academic load.

Design and Methods: 
This study seeks to estimate the prevalence of sleep disorders among Umm Al-Qura University medical students and associated risk factors. This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine of Umm Al-Qura University in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. A self administrated questionnaire was used to collect the data including socio-demographic data and sleep-50 questionnaire. Four hundred and thirty-eight (438) medical students from the second year to the sixth year were recruited to the study.

Three hundred and twenty-three participants (73.8%) complained of at least one sleep disorder. The most prevalent sleep disorder among students was narcolepsy at 226 (51.6%). Female students, second year students and students spending significant time watching television or on smartphones were more affected than others with p values of 0.001, 0.005, and 0.004, respectively.

Sleep disorders are common among medical students. It is essential to detect and address them before their condition deteriorates.


Reda Abdelmoaty Goweda, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University

Department of Community Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia


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