Knowledge, barriers and uptake of influenza vaccine among non-health college students at Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Date Icon Publish Date
  • Malak M. Alhawsawi
    Epidemiology Program, College of Health Sciences and Rehabilitation, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2414-2033
  • Amjad A. Alghamdi
    Epidemiology Program, College of Health Sciences and Rehabilitation, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9449-6435
  • Balqees M. Alzayed
    Epidemiology Program, College of Health Sciences and Rehabilitation, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9406-2533
  • Hessa M. Binmugren
    Epidemiology Program, College of Health Sciences and Rehabilitation, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2162-6160
  • Raghad A. Alshehri
    Epidemiology Program, College of Health Sciences and Rehabilitation, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3218-3510
  • Howeida H. Abusalih
    Epidemiology Program, College of Health Sciences and Rehabilitation, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3530-1519

ABSTRACT

Background: Viral influenza, one of the global public health problems is specifically important in Saudi Arabia due to high susceptibility of transmission in hajj and umrah seasons (Islamic pilgrimage to the Mecca), as it has the ability to spread widely to a large proportion, in addition the disease has a higher rate of complications that might lead to death. Vaccination is an important strategy in prevention of viral influenza.

Design and methods
: The study aimed to describe the association between uptake of influenza vaccine with knowledge as well as identify the barriers that prevent vaccination among Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University (PNU) non-health colleges students. A descriptive cross-sectional study design was undertaken, including 385 students from non-health colleges using a convenience sampling technique. Data was collected using an Arabic self-administered online questionnaire Analysis done by JMP program. IRB approval as well as informed consent were taken.

Results:
 The uptake of the influenza vaccine was 15.3% in the current year and 56.8% in the previous years. No significant association was found between knowledge, and uptake of the vaccine. For the unvaccinated students, the most common encounter barriers stated by study population were concerns regarding the vaccine effectiveness, reduction of immunity the uncertainty of complete protection in a percentage of 12.0% for all. Conclusions: Although the level of vaccine uptake is low for this year, it is not associated with knowledge. There were some barriers that need to be tackled by health education programs.

REFERENCES

1)Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Key Facts About Seasonal Flu Vaccine. USA: CDC. . Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/prevent/keyfacts.htm
2- World Health Organization (WHO). Influenza (Seasonal). WHO;2018. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/influenza-(seasonal)
3)Almazroa M, Memish Z, Alwadeya A. Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in Saudi Arabia: description of the first one hundred cases. 2010; 30(1): 11-14. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2850176/
4)World Health Organization (WHO). Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals. WHO 2015. Available from: https://www.who.int/immunization/diseases/influenza/en/#targetText=Influenza,influenza%20A%20or%20B%20subtypes.&targetText;=Some%20people%20are%20at%20risk,with%20certain%20chronic%20health%20conditions.
5) BARBERIS, P. MYLES,S.K. AULT, N.L. BRAGAZZI, M. MARTINI. History and evolution of influenza control through vaccination: from the first monovalent vaccine to universal vaccines. Journal of preventive medicine and hygiene( J Prev Med Hyg.) 2016 Sep; 57(3): E115–E12. PMID: 27980374 PMCID: PMC5139605
6) Thamir M. Alshammari, Kazeem B. Yusuff, Muhammad Majid Aziz, and Gehad M. Subaie. Healthcare professionals’ knowledge, attitude and acceptance of influenza vaccination in Saudi Arabia: a multicenter cross-sectional study .BMC Health Service research . 2019; 19: 229.
doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4054-9
7) Mohamed K.M.Khalil,SulaimanAl-Eidi,MesharyAl-Qaed.SaudAlSanad12 The future of integrative health and medicine in Saudi Arabia. Integrative Medicine Research Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2018, Pages 316-32. doi.org/10.1016/j.imr.2018.06.4
8) Christopher J, Kaitlin O, Stephanie M. Attitudes and barriers associated with seasonal influenza vaccination uptake among public health students; a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2018. Available from: https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-018-6041-1
9)Salem S, et al. Knowledge and Limitations Associated with the Uptake of Seasonal Influenza Vaccine among Nursing Students. International Journal of Novel Research in Healthcare and Nursing. 2019; 6(1):471-479. Available From: https://www.ksau-hs.edu.sa/English/Colleges/Nursing/Riyadh/Documents/Research%20Unit/Knowledge%20and%20Limitations%20Associated%20with%20the%20Uptake%20of%20Seasonal%20Influenza%20Vaccine%20among%20Nursing%20Students.pdf
10) Olawale D, Tonya M, Charles S. A cross sectional survey to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding seasonal influenza and influenza vaccination among diabetics in Pretoria, South Africa. Sincedirect. 2017;35(47):6375-6386. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264410X17313701#
11) Rogers C, Bahr K, Benjamin S. Attitudes and barriers associated with seasonal influenza vaccination uptake among public health students; A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2018 Sep 20;18(1). DOI: 10.1186/s12889-018-6041-1. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-018-6041-1
12) Martinez C, et al. Perceptions and Knowledge of Influenza Vaccination Amongst University Students Recommended Citation PERCEPTIONS AND KNOWLEDGE OF INFLUENZA 2 Acknowledgements. 2017. Available from: https://digitalcommons.georgiasouthern.edu/honors-theses.Avilable
13) Walker L, Newall A, Heywood AE. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of Australian medical students towards influenza vaccination. Vaccine. 2016;34(50):6193–9. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.10.074
14) Alshammari T, et al. Healthcare professionals’ knowledge, attitude and acceptance of influenza vaccination in Saudi Arabia: a multicenter cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2019;19(1):229. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30992004
15) Bonaccorsi G, et al. Predictive factors associated with the acceptance of pandemic and seasonal influenza vaccination in health care workers and students in Tuscany, Central Italy. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2013;9(12):2603–12. Available from: http://www.landesbioscience.com/journals/vaccines/article/26036/
16)James P, et al. An assessment of healthcare professionals’ knowledge about and attitude towards influenza vaccination in Freetown Sierra Leone: a cross-sectional study. Biomed Cent Public Heal. 2017;17:692. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4700-2
17) Tuohetamu S, et al. The knowledge, attitudes and practices on influenza among medical college students in Northwest China. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2017;13(7):1688–92. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2017.1293769
Our most popular topics on Journal of Public Health Research

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.