Determinants of family independence in caring for hebephrenic schizophrenia patients

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  • Herlin Ferliana
    Doctoral Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Mulyorejo; Menur Mental Hospital, Indonesia.
  • Nyoman Anita Damayanti
    Department of Health Policy and Administration, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Mulyorejo, Indonesia.
  • Diana Nurfarida Aisyah
    Menur Mental Hospital, Indonesia.
  • Nuh Huda
    Hangtuah Institute of Health Science, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Dwi Ernawati
    Hangtuah Institute of Health Science, Surabaya, Indonesia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Schizophrenic patients are very susceptible to recurrent incidences, therefore the family plays a key role in providing care as a part of the recovery team. This study aimed to determine the relationship between knowledge, perceptions, attitudes and support with family independence in caring for hebephrenic schizophrenic patients.

Design and Methods: It was used a correlational analytic design with cross sectional approach, and consecutive sampling technique was used, which attained 57 respondents. The independent variables were knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, and support, while independence was the dependent variable, and both were measured using questionnaires, and Spearman rank test was used for data analysis.

Results: The results indicate the presence of a relationship between knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, as well as support and family independence in caring for hebephrenic schizophrenia. In addition, the spearman rank test showed P-values of 0.008, 0.011, 0.032, and 0.027 in family knowledge, perception, attitudes and support, respectively, at <0.05.

Conclusions: This study indicates the importance of family support in attempts to improve the self-esteem of schizophrenic patients. Based on this data, the hospital is expected to improve the family-based patient recovery program.

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