Face mask designs following novel Coronavirus
Doctors need to wear complete protective equipment when large numbers of patients flood into the emergency room. Taiwan has so far managed to prevent a large scale community outbreak, city forces wearing face masks on public transportation, and keep social distancing to stem the virus from spreading. The protective device may be contaminated and must be replaced. In the situation of limited resources, how to take care of the physiological needs of the doctor without increasing the chance of contamination during replacement is a consideration. By reducing the chance of contamination during removal and storage, the previous designs were analyzed and improved. We proposed three improved designs to reduce the contact. Design-A features a mask with a water channel that allows the user to remain hydrated without removing the cover. Design-B has a folding pattern that hides the outer surface. Design-C combines the mask with the brim of a cap which form. an extended air-intake area. Through understanding the problem, related product began distribute on the market, Design-D extends the mask usages period with less contact.
Cowling BJ, Chan KH, Fang VJ, et al. Facemasks and hand hygiene to prevent influenza transmission in households: a cluster randomized trial. Ann Int Med 2009;151:437-46. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-151-7-200910060-00142
MacIntyre CR, Chughtai AA. Facemasks for the prevention of infection in healthcare and community settings. MBJ 2015;350:h694. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h694
Cauchemez S. Valleron AJ, Boëlle PY, et al. Estimating the impact of school closure on influenza transmission from Sentinel data. Nature 2008;452:750-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06732
Purdy M. Comparison of facemask characteristics with user assessment of comfort. 2019. MS Thesis, University of Iowa.
Morishima M, Mitsuno T. Analysis of hygienic face mask patterns for young people. Textile Res J 2019;89:4670-80. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517519840635
Chao FL. Adolescent face mask usage and contact extension in novel Coronavirus. 2020;9:1771. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2020.1771
WHO. Timeline – Covid-19. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/27-04-2020-who-timeline---covid-19
Taiwan News [Internet]. Bill Gates calls Taiwan's handling of coronavirus 'exemplary. Available from: https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3911602
MacIntyre CR, Cauchemez S, Dwyer DE, et al. Face mask use and control of respiratory virus transmission in households. Emerg Infect Dis 2009;15:233. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1502.081166
Suess T, Remschmidt C, Schink SB, et al. The role of facemasks and hand hygiene in the prevention of influenza transmission in households: results from a cluster randomised trial; Berlin, Germany, 2009-2011. BMC Infect Dis 2012;12:26. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-12-26
Tsai PP, Schreuder-Gibson H, Gibson P. Different electrostatic methods for making electret filters. J Electrostat 2002;54:333-41. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3886(01)00160-7
Greenblat JE, Wells GN. Face mask. U.S. Patent Application 29/654,828, filed April 2, 2019.
Hsu YM. M514333 Folding three-piece three-dimensional mask, Taiwan Patent Application 104216695, filed 2015/10/19.
Reese GD. Fitted face mask" U.S. Patent Application 14/954,685, filed June 2, 2016.
Reese RD, Reese GD, Bowen ML. Prestige Ameritech Ltd, Medical face mask. U.S. Patent Application 29/570,343. 2017.
Nilsson F, Frost W. Face mask. U.S. Patent Application 29/591,044, filed June 26, 2018.
Wang A. Face mask. U.S. Patent Application 15/583,908, filed November 2, 2017.
Wu SS. M563890 Full cover narrow mask. Taiwan Patent Application 107204072, filed 2018/03/29.
Lee SS. M464196 Folding stereo mask. Taiwan Patent Application 102212318, filed 2013/07/01.
Liedtka J. Perspective: Linking design thinking with innovation outcomes through cognitive bias reduction. J Prod Innov Manage 2015;32:925-38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jpim.12163
Li MH. Become more creative. Taipei: Quanhua Publishing House; 1995.
Wilkinson B, van Boxtel R. The medical device regulation of the European Union intensifies focus on clinical benefits of devices. Ther Innov Regul Sci 2019. doi: 10.1177/2168479019870732. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/2168479019870732
Torres EA, Lyons AB, Narla S, et al. Ultraviolet-C and other methods of decontamination of filtering facepiece N-95 respirators during the COVID-19 pandemic. Photochem Photobiol Sci 2020. [Epub ahead of Print]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/D0PP00131G
Nicholson K, Henke-Adams A, Henke DM, et al. Modified full-face snorkel mask as COVID-19 personal protective equipment: Quantitative results. Preprints 2020, 2020040293.
Creema [Internet]. Available from: https://tw.creema.net/item/8628032/detail
- Abstract views: 750
- PDF: 334
- HTML: 0
Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.