Screening for the risk on long-term sickness absence

  • Kaat Goorts | kaat.goorts@kuleuven.be University of Leuven, Centre for Environment and Health, Leuven, Belgium.
  • Sofie Vandenbroeck University of Leuven, Centre for Environment and Health, Leuven; IDEWE, External Service for Prevention and Protection at Work, Leuven, Belgium.
  • Dorina Rusu Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Liège; SPMT-ARISTA, External Service for Prevention and Protection at Work, Leuven, Belgium.
  • Marc Du Bois University of Leuven, Centre for Environment and Health, Leuven, Belgium.
  • Lode Godderis University of Leuven, Centre for Environment and Health, Leuven; IDEWE, External Service for Prevention and Protection at Work, Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

Background: Long-term sickness absence is a growing concern in Belgium and other European countries. Since 2017, Belgian physicians of the sickness funding organisations are required to assess the re-integration possibilities within the first two months of sickness absence. Given the shortage of physicians in the assessment of work disability and the growing number of people in sickness absence, there is a need for a triage tool, allowing to assign return-to work support to patients having a high-risk profile not to resume work.
Methods/design: The current study comprises a comprehensive validation process of a screening tool that supports Belgian physicians in guiding people back to work. The study consists of a theoretical construct validation (face validity and content validity), and an empirical construct validation (concurrence validity, factorial validity, predictive validity, hypothesis testing validity and known- group validity).
Expected impact of the study for Public Health: The screening instrument assessing the risk for long-term sickness absence is a tool developed to support physicians who work for sickness funds and for occupational health and safety organisations. Both professionals play an important role in the return to work process and the prevention of long-term sickness absence. The screening tool aims at making a distinction between people who will resume their work independently and people who will need support to do so. Generation of this prediction model will help physicians to focus effort and resources in the high-risk group. Results may also help understand the relationship between the biopsychosocial model and long-term sick-leave.

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Published
2018-10-04
Info
Issue
Section
Study Protocols
Supporting Agencies
National Institute for health and disability insurance
Keywords:
Long-term sickness absence, validation study, screening instrument
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How to Cite
Goorts, K., Vandenbroeck, S., Rusu, D., Du Bois, M., & Godderis, L. (2018). Screening for the risk on long-term sickness absence. Journal of Public Health Research, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2018.1419