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How can we bring public health in all policies? Strategies for healthy societies

Fabrizio Bert, Giacomo Scaioli, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Roberta Siliquini
  • Giacomo Scaioli
    Department of Public Health, University of Turin, Italy
  • Maria Rosaria Gualano
    Department of Public Health, University of Turin, Italy
  • Roberta Siliquini
    Department of Public Health, University of Turin, Italy

Abstract

New scenarios are emerging in the European and worldwide context: the ageing of society, the climate changes, the increasing of health inequalities and the financial crisis. In this context, the scientific community and the decision-makers agree on the role of health in all policies (HiAP) strategy in improving the population’s health. The HiAP takes into account factors not strictly related to health but with important health consequences. To bring public health in all policies a change is needed, but there are some obstacles to overcome: for instance, the lack of evidence regarding the governance tools and frameworks for HiAP, the difficulty of convincing stakeholders and producing a cultural change in the political positioning of decision-makers. Consequently, it is necessary: i) to implement stronger and responsible decision-support approaches, such as health impact assessment and health technology assessment; ii) to encourage and coordinate all relevant sectors in playing their part in reducing health gaps within the European Union; iii) to strengthen cooperation and make better use of existing networks and existing public health and related institutions. The final aim will be to monitor the impact of the health determinants in order to promote the effective implementation of HiAP approach.

Keywords

health, policy, social determinants of health

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Submitted: 2014-10-07 15:20:41
Published: 2015-04-01 11:49:27
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Copyright (c) 2015 Fabrizio Bert, Giacomo Scaioli, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Roberta Siliquini

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