Older adults rate their mental health better than their general health

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Elena M. Magwene (1*), Ana R. Quiñones (2), Gillian L. Marshall (3), Lena K. Makaroun (4), Stephen Thielke (5)

1 Mental Health Service, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA, United States.
2 Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, United States.
3 University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.
4 University of Washington, Seattle, WA; VA Health Services Research and Development, VA Puget Sound Healthcare System, Seattle, WA, United States.
5 University of Washington, Seattle, WA; Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA, United States.
(*) Corresponding Author:
Elena M. Magwene
emmagwene@gmail.com

Abstract

Background. Self-rated health (SRH) shows strong associations with measures of health and well-being. Increasingly, studies have used self-rated mental health (SRMH) as a predictor of various outcomes, independently or together with SRH. Research has not firmly established if and how these two constructs differ. We sought to characterize the relationship between SRH and SRMH, and to determine how this relationship differed across subgroups defined by sociodemographic and health-related characteristics.
Design and methods. We analyzed data from the 2012 CAHPS Medicare Advantage Survey. SRH and SRMH ratings were crosstabulated to determine the distribution of responses across response categories. The expected joint probability distribution was computed and compared to the observed distribution. A constructed variable indicated whether SRMH was better, the same, or worse than SRH. We analyzed the distribution of this variable across various subgroups defined by sociodemographic and health-related factors.
Results. A total of 114,905 Medicare Advantage beneficiaries responded to both the SRH and SRMH questions. Both in general and within all subgroups, SRMH was usually rated as better than SRH, and rarely as worse.
Conclusions. Within a large group of Medicare recipients, the overwhelming trend was for recipients to rate their mental health as at least as good as their overall health, regardless of any sociodemographic and health-related factors. This finding of a shifted distribution encourages caution in the analytic use of selfrated mental health, particularly the use of both SRH and SRMH for adjustment. Additional research is needed to help clarify the complex relationship between these variables.

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How to Cite
Magwene, E., Quiñones, A., Marshall, G., Makaroun, L., & Thielke, S. (2017). Older adults rate their mental health better than their general health. Journal of Public Health Research, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2017.967